Discrimination against girls[ edit ] Main article: The Maputo Protocol guarantees comprehensive rights to women, including the right to take part in the political process, to social and political equality with men, to control their reproductive healthand an end to female genital mutilation.
To date, ORICs have been established across 44 public and private universities in Pakistan, a massive expansion from the nine that were initially founded in And the role of ORICs within higher education institutions is only bound to increase.
Very recently companies from various sectors have started allocating funds and resources for research into their areas of interest. Currently the biggest challenge for ORICs is to nurture an environment of trust and mutual collaboration between academia and industry for the acquisition of funds for research projects.
Examples of patriarchy in India include prevailing customs where inheritance passes from father to son, women move in with the husband and his family upon marriage, and marriages include a bride price or dowry.
This includes both violence committed inside marriage domestic violence as well as violence related to marriage customs and traditions such as dowrybride priceforced marriage and child marriage. The majority of the ORICs that were investigated showed a proven record of improving the research process for their institution.
ORICS are also endeavouring to bridge the gap between academia and industry. Child marriage is one of the detriments to empowerment of women. In a survey-based study of s data, scholars  found that son are believed to have a higher economic utility as they can provide additional labour in agriculture.
In rural India girls continue to be less educated than boys. ORICS are facilitating university faculty members in writing research proposals, presenting papers at conferences and in acquisition of research grants.
Compared to boys, far fewer girls are enrolled in the schools, and many of them drop out. Furthermore, there had been a dramatic improvement in the quality of local journals with more than 70 such journals now listed in Institute of Scientific Information ISI Master List and seven journals now boasting an impact factor.
Schooling[ edit ] India is on target to meet its Millennium Development Goal of gender parity in education by Indeed, ORICs were mandated to act as a focal point in facilitating and coordinating all research activities within a university, ranging from the dissemination of information regarding the call for research proposals, to development of research proposals and the commercialisation of research products.
Child marriage in India Men and women have equal rights within marriage under Indian law, with the exception of all men who are allowed to unilaterally divorce their wife. All these factors make sons more desirable.
Female infanticide killing of girl infants is still prevalent in some rural areas. Violence against women Violence against women is a technical term used to collectively refer to violent acts that are primarily or exclusively committed against women. As such, it called for family planningreproductive rights services, and strategies to promote gender equality and stop violence against women.
Women have a biological advantage over men for longevity and survival; however, there have been more men than women in India and other Asian countries. Romania, Bulgaria, Italy, Georgia and Greece.
By presidential decree, the Republic of Kazakhstan created a Strategy for Gender Equality — to chart the subsequent decade of gender equality efforts. Honor killings are difficult to verify, and there is dispute whether social activists are inflating numbers.
Crime rate in this map includes all Indian Penal Code crimes such as rape, sexual assault, insult to modesty, kidnapping, abduction, cruelty by intimate partner or relatives, importation or trafficking of girls, persecution for dowry, dowry deaths, indecency, and all other crimes identified by Indian law.
In impoverished families, these scholars found that daughters face discrimination in the medical treatment of illnesses and in the administration of vaccinations against serious childhood diseases.
Discrimination against girls in India While women express a strong preference for having at least one son, the evidence of discrimination against girls after they are born is mixed.
This preference cuts across class and caste lines, and it discriminates against girls. Even though, it is illegal by Indian law to ask for dowry, it is still a common practice in certain socio-economic classes which leads to female infanticide, as the baby girls are seen as an economic burden.
The causes of gender inequalities are complex, but a number of cultural factors in India can explain how son preference, a key driver of daughter neglect, is so prevalent.The report, Teaching and learning in Pakistan: the role of language in education, sets out proposals that, if implemented, would seek to raise the status of the country's main regional languages.
And the role of ORICs within higher education institutions is only bound to increase. The terms of reference through which ORICs were created in Pakistan are being expanded as more and more universities realise the importance of ORICs.
Gender inequality in India refers to health, education, economic and political inequalities between men and women in India. Various international gender inequality indices rank India differently on each of these factors, as well as on a composite basis, and these indices are controversial.
Status of Women in Pakistan. Status of Women in Pakistan The status of women in Pakistan varies considerably across classes, regions, and the rural/urban divide due to uneven socioeconomic development and the impact of tribal, feudal, and capitalist social formations on women's lives.
The Pakistani women of today enjoy a better status than. A major news channel of Pakistan is Dawn news. Status of English in Pakistan. English language performs various functions in Pakistan.
English is Politics language. It is the medium of instruction in Pakistani schools and colleges. It is the source of education for. The current role and status of English in Pakistan is seen, in the wake of the spread of English as a world language and as a lingua franca around the world, as beyond " any lingua franca of the past ".Download