Examines similarities and differences between modern societies. Human Development is a suitable major or minor for students who plan any type of career that involves working with people and helping to solve human problems.
Initially developmental psychologists were interested in studying the mind of the child so that education and learning could be more effective. Also the study of voting behavior, use of deception in political campaigns and much more. Four of the most influential paradigms have been psychological measurementalso known as psychometrics; cognitive psychologywhich concerns itself with the processes by which the mind functions; cognitivism and contextualism, a combined approach that studies the interaction between the environment and mental processes; and biological sciencewhich considers the neural bases of intelligence.
For example, when a person learns a new German vocabulary word, he becomes aware of a pairing, say, between the German term Die Farbe and the English word colour, but a trace is also laid down in the brain that can be accessed when the information is needed. Biological theories The theories discussed above seek to understand intelligence in terms of hypothetical mental constructs, whether they are factors, cognitive processes, or cognitive processes in interaction with context.
A Biographical Sketch of an Infant. Is there a predictable pattern they follow regarding thought and language and social development?
In other words, regardless of the task, if it requires intelligence, it requires g. Individual-to-individual variance, introduced in reproduction and meiosis, is the basis for different personality traits and differences in temperament between individuals.
For students in professional programs such as Education, Social Work, or Business Administration the minor adds a strong developmental focus to their studies.
For example, performance on a number-series test might represent a weighted composite of number, reasoning, and memory abilities for a complex series. The solution to these problems, as proposed by cognitive psychologists, was to study directly the mental processes underlying intelligence and, perhaps, to relate them to the facets of intelligence posited by psychometricians.
Theories of Development Jean Piaget Piaget believed that children think differently than adults, and stated they go through 4 universal stages of cognitive development. The concept of emotional intelligence was popularized by the psychologist and journalist Daniel Goleman in books published from the s.
Cattell, for example, suggested in Abilities: Nature Human behavior is the result of already-present biological factors Strict adherents of the nature philosophy often use genetic code as support for their theory.
The more a person automatizes the tasks of daily life, the more mental resources he will have for coping with novelty. Suppose, for example, that a student performs poorly on the verbal analogies questions in a psychometric test. Some children are especially proficient with verbal problems and less proficient… Theories of intelligence Theories of intelligence, as is the case with most scientific theories, have evolved through a succession of models.
According to Sternberg, another facet of experience that is important in evaluating intelligence is the automatization of cognitive processing, which occurs when a relatively novel task becomes familiar.
Her findings emphasized the importance of taking issues of cultural generality into account when creating abilities tests. Faculty advisers can help students tailor their choice of academic plan and electives to their individual career goals.
The American psychologist Joy Paul Guilford proposed a structure-of-intellect theory, which in its earlier versions postulated abilities. Children become more skillful in thinking, talking or acting much the same way as they get taller. Hunt, Frost, and Lunneborg concluded that verbally facile people are those who are able to absorb and then retrieve from memory large amounts of verbal information in short amounts of time.
It might seem self-evident that the factor at the top would be the general factor, but it is not, since there is no guarantee that there is any general factor at all. Greenfield concluded that a single test may measure different abilities in different cultures.This illustrates the basic idea behind evolutionary psychology in human development; that the innate behaviors of very young children are pre-programmed in their genotypes and that we can understand these behaviors by studying the environmental forces that surrounded our ancestors.
While psychology has always used animals in research, there is a growing body of psychologists and other scientists interested in studying animal development.
Course Summary Psychology Human Growth and Development has been evaluated and recommended for 3 semester hours and may be transferred to over 2, colleges and universities. In the Human Development and Psychology (HDP) master’s program, you will work closely with an extraordinary faculty comprised of prominent voices in early childhood development, organizational psychology, emotional, cognitive and moral development, trauma and child advocacy, and much more.
Developmental psychology is a scientific approach which aims to explain growth, change and consistency though the lifespan. Developmental psychology looks at how thinking, feeling, and behavior change throughout a person’s polkadottrail.com: Saul Mcleod.
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